Violent Deaths in the Development of the Farming Economy: The Case of Bury

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Laure Salanova
Philippe Chambon
Alexandra Bayliss
Frances Healy
Alasdair Whittle

Abstract

Many recent publications have tended to emphasise warfare and violent death during the emergence of the farming economy, linking the expansion of early farmers with inter-group conflicts. Cases of violent death have also been identified in other periods of the development of Neolithic communities. The collective grave of Bury in the Paris basin provides one particular deposit, dated from the late 4th millennium cal BC and composed of a group of individuals, arranged in a specific position in the northeast corner of the monument. The central individual of the deposit, an adult man, showed clear signs of violence. The archaeological context and the formal chronological modelling undertaken using a large series of radiocarbon dates enable more precise estimates of the timing and duration of the depositional events, which took place within the burial chamber. The results demonstrate the ritual role of such violent death, which are particularly frequent in periods of change.

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How to Cite
Salanova, Laure, Philippe Chambon, Alexandra Bayliss, Frances Healy, and Alasdair Whittle. 2018. “Violent Deaths in the Development of the Farming Economy: The Case of Bury”. Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 20 (July), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.12766/jna.2018.1.