The Chalcolithic–Bronze Age transition in southern Iberia under the influence of the 4.2 kyr event? A correlation of climatological and demographic proxies

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Martin Hinz
Julien Schirrmacher
Jutta Kneisel
Christoph Rinne
Mara Weinelt

Abstract

The end of the third millennium BCE represents (not only) on the Iberian Peninsula the time of transition to the Bronze Age. At the same time this is the time of a general climatic event, the so-called 4.2 ka BP event, which can be observed (in different manifestations) in different regions of the northern hemisphere. By synchronizing cultural and climatic developments and above all by assessing demographic developments and their spatial development, a much-discussed connection between the two phenomena can be made plausible and opens the perspective for further, more detailed research on the interdependence between cultural, demographic and climatological processes.
For this purpose, the results of aoristics, 14C sum calibration and the evaluation of the concentration of long-chain n-alkane homologues of terrestrial origin as precipitation predictor are combined, their correlation is presented and possible responses are interpreted from the mapping of the settlement system development. This article provides an initial overview of the current results.

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How to Cite
Hinz, Martin, Julien Schirrmacher, Jutta Kneisel, Christoph Rinne, and Mara Weinelt. 2019. “The Chalcolithic–Bronze Age Transition in Southern Iberia under the Influence of the 4.2 Kyr Event? A Correlation of Climatological and Demographic Proxies”. Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 21 (December), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.12766/jna.2019.1.