Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 2023-03-14T14:00:53+01:00 Nils Müller-Scheeßel Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Neolithic Archaeology provides a scientific information platform on the archaeology of the Neolithic period. The articles are mainly in German and English, and for all articles English summaries and figure captions are available.</p> <p>The Journal was originally founded in 1999 as a pioneering web-based open access online journal. Since 2003, the Journal has been edited by an international team of archaeologists.</p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. There is no publication fee charged.</p> Ginnerup Revisited. New Excavations at a Key Neolithic Site on Djursland, Denmark 2022-06-17T11:15:14+02:00 Lutz Klassen Uffe Rasmussen Jacob Kveiborg Michael Richards Ludovic Orlando Jens-Christian Svenning Kenneth Ritchie Marianne H. Andreasen Bente Philippsen Rune Iversen Niels N. Johannsen <p>New excavations of an enclosure-related site at Ginnerup on Djursland, Denmark, in 2020 resulted in the identification of several features containing depositions of marine shells. One of these, A4, is a natural depression with a fill comprised of four consecutively deposited layers, forming an undisturbed stratigraphy, dated by several <sup>14</sup>C dates to between c. 3150 and 2950 BC. The oldest layer contained finds from phase MN A Ib of the Funnel Beaker culture, while the remaining three layers yielded finds from the latest Funnel Beaker culture on Djursland (MN A II/III, Ferslev style) with an upwardly increasing content of Pitted Ware culture elements, thereby allowing the emergence of this culture in Denmark to be followed for the first time. Preservation conditions for organic material were excellent due to a content of marine shells, mainly from oysters and mussels, in all layers. In this preliminary account, a survey of the material culture in the four layers is presented, together with <sup>14</sup>C dates, zoological investigations of mammal and fish bones, isotope analyses (d<sup>13</sup>C, d<sup>15</sup>N and d<sup>34</sup>S) and aDNA analyses of mammal bones and examinations of plant macro-remains. The abundant bones of wild horses also hold a huge potential for zoological and genetic studies, the results of which can qualify the ongoing debate about the rewilding of horses in present-day Europe.</p> 2023-03-15T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lutz Klassen, Uffe Rasmussen, Jacob Kveiborg, Michael Richards, Ludovic Orlando, Jens-Christian Svenning, Kenneth Ritchie, Marianne H. Andreasen, Bente Philippsen, Rune Iversen, Niels N. Johannsen The Chronology of Danish Dolmens. Results from 14C Dates on Human Bones 2022-09-07T12:49:16+02:00 Karl-Göran Sjögren Anders Fischer <p>The thousands of dolmens and long barrows spread across the Danish landscape are the earliest long-lasting expressions of architectural monumentality in Scandinavia. A series of new AMS dates on human skeletal material from several of them leads to a clarification of the generations-long debate on the relative chronology and typological evolution of this group of monuments. Earthen long barrows were raised from ca. 3700 cal BC. That is at least two centuries later than the arrival of such elements of the Neolithic world as funnel beaker pottery and domestic cattle to the region. The practice of using large stones (megaliths) for burial chambers was present by 3600 BC. Classical <em>Urdolmen</em> were built alongside various types of more complex dolmen chambers during the period ca. 3600–3400 BC, after which passage grave were erected.</p> 2023-03-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Karl-Göran Sjögren, Anders Fischer