The Organisation of Pottery Production in Noricum. Family Business or Large-scale Production?

Published: 2014-01-01 | DOI: 10.54799/ACYO6486

Abstract

Roman pottery production is very often automatically connected with throwing wheels and kilns. In contrast, the analysis of pottery used during Roman Times in the Province Noricum shows, that for the production of not fully oxidised wares which are often considered to be typical for Noricum neither kilns nor throwing wheels are necessary. In this paper the production environment of pottery in Noricum is investigated on the basis of archaeological and archaeometric data gathered from the pottery and ethnoarchaeological studies related to pottery productions in different societies. Differences in vessel morphology, decoration and technology allow presuming different groups of potters in Noricum. Knowhow is imparted within these groups, which leads to the formation of learning networks. These networks are recognised in the archaeological material as pottery regions. Alteration of the repertoire within a learning network is mostly caused by the interaction of potter’s groups. It is evident, that an exchange of certain stylistic and morphological pottery attributes took place on an interregional level. The specific research on potter’s workshops in Noricum is insufficient at the moment. Most studies are restricted to kilns, without recognising other parts of the presumed workshops. This situation makes it also impossible to characterize the pottery produced in these kilns, but it should be considered that not a single piece of not fully oxidised ware can be reliably connected with one of the kilns. The study of the pottery production in Noricum is therefore restricted to the vessels themselves. Together with ethnoarchaeological analogies these allow presuming, that not fully oxidised wares were not produced in big workshops (large scale industry) but in the environment of household production/industry up to workshop in exceptional cases and restricted to a short time period even village industry.

How to Cite

Auer, Martin. 2014. “The Organisation of Pottery Production in Noricum. Family Business or Large-Scale Production?”. EAZ – Ethnographisch-Archaeologische Zeitschrift 55 (1/2):119-56. https://doi.org/10.54799/ACYO6486.
Different vessel building techniques on the basis of finds from the Municipium Claudium Aguntum (Based on inv. no. AG 10/42/1 [1]; AG 06/76/10 [2]; AG 81/01/9 [3]; AG 255/97/65 [4]; AG 529/99/11 + AG 506/00/2 [5]; AG 77/01/1 [6])
Different vessel building techniques on the basis of finds from the Municipium Claudium Aguntum (Based on inv. no. AG 10/42/1 [1]; AG 06/76/10 [2]; AG 81/01/9 [3]; AG 255/97/65 [4]; AG 529/99/11 + AG 506/00/2 [5]; AG 77/01/1 [6])
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