Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 2021-02-08T14:07:53+01:00 Nils Müller-Scheeßel Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Neolithic Archaeology provides a scientific information platform on the archaeology of the Neolithic period. The articles are mainly in German and English, and for all articles English summaries and figure captions are available.</p> <p>The Journal was originally founded in 1999 as a pioneering web-based open access online journal. Since 2003, the Journal has been edited by an international team of archaeologists.</p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. There is no publication fee charged.</p> Kutahi: A Pottery Neolithic Culture in the Shiraz Plain, Fars, Iran 2021-02-08T14:07:53+01:00 Majid Mansouri <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The British Council in Shiraz was established in 1960 and Paul Bevan Gotch was appointed as its regional director until 1966. During this time, he regularly met, hosted and corresponded with archaeologists working in the Fars region. These relationships as well as the reports of the archaeological fieldworks conducted on the Fars, especially in the Kor River Basin, inspired Gotch to do some regional surveys on the Persepolis and Shiraz plains. He identified a total of six prehistoric sites on the Shiraz plain, of which the site of Kutahi was one of the most important. As Gotch mentioned this site as being ploughed and regularly bulldozed during his surveys, it is likely that it was later levelled and subsequently vanished forever due to the growth of the city of Shiraz. However, Gotch collected some sherds during his 1966 survey and also during a repeated visit in 1972. The location of the 1966 survey collection is unclear, but the 1972 collection is kept at the Narenjestan museum in Shiraz. Gotch’s notes on the Narenjestan collection show that he has separated some diagnostic sherds for reference as he was aware of the ensuing destruction of the site. This collection kept in a small box was reviewed by the author in 2016. Closer scrutiny shows that Kutahi was a local Pottery Neolithic culture dating to the first half of the sixth millennium BC.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2020-04-30T08:37:00+02:00 Copyright (c) Bracer Ornaments! An investigation of Bell Beaker stone ‘wrist-guards’ from Central Europe 2021-02-08T13:28:56+01:00 Clément Nicolas <p>This paper focusses on Bell Beaker stone bracers, so-called ‘wrist-guards’. These objects have attracted attention for decades, as symbols of warriorhood. As pointed out by various authors, such items appear to be rather bracer ornaments than proper wrist-guards, protecting the archer’s forearm. In this study, we investigated 153 bracers from Czech Republic and Hungary with a technological and functionnal approach in order to track the biography of these objects. It appears that, in this area, they are made of various sedimentary rocks. The manufacture of much bracer does not require a high-level of know-how but some carefully made pieces could have been done by craftsmen. The functionnal approach of these objects reveals very few signs of use as wrist-guard. However, these items are generally worn to various degrees and some of them have a quite long biography, consistently broken, re-shaped and re-drilled. Analysis of contexts of deposition concludes to personal adornment, highly symbolic and male-gendered objects. In this respect, they should be definetly considered as bracer ornaments rather than wristguards.</p> 2020-05-08T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Neolithic Archaeology Burials from the time of the Altheim culture at the site Nördlingen-Nürnberger Straße 63, Nördlinger Ries, Bavaria 2020-10-29T10:30:44+01:00 Johann Friedrich Tolksdorf Manfred Woidich Eva Kropf Christoph Herbig <p>The archaeological record for the Altheim culture (approx. 38<sup>th</sup> -35<sup>th</sup> century BC) in SW Germany is highly biased. While a small number of waterlogged sites have provided material for very detailed analyses of settlement activities and economy within this environmental setting, evidence for settlement activities outside these specific topographic situations is extremely sparse. The same applies to burial features that have been identified from eight sites which are predominantly isolated burials that have not revealed any clear modus concerning orientation, grave goods or spatial organization. Here we present results from a site situated in the Nördlinger Ries (Bavaria) that has yielded a total of eight burials of this culture together with a small number of contemporary settlement features including the rare example of a well. Our results corroborate the absence of any strict orientation or a defined set of grave goods in this culture and no spatial organization of the burials could be observed.</p> 2020-10-28T15:24:01+01:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Johann Friedrich Tolksdorf, Manfred Woidich, Eva Kropf, Christoph Herbig 65 years later … 2021-02-08T13:29:58+01:00 Rune Iversen <p>In 1955, C. J. Becker published the excavations at Store Valby, western Zealand, Denmark, in the journal “Aarbøger for nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie”. Except for an Early Neolithic phase, the site showed Middle Neolithic occupation. Even if the flint inventory from the latter phase resembled that of the late Funnel Beaker Culture, the associated pottery had a simpler and coarser character compared to the known Middle Neolithic Funnel Beaker pottery styles. On this basis, Becker defined a new final phase of the northern Funnel Beaker Culture named the Store Valby phase or MN V. However, new archaeological features, such as palisaded enclosures, have turned up since Becker’s initial discoveries and new cultural insights into the contemporary Pitted Ware and early Single Grave Cultures have significantly increased the cultural complexity of the earliest part of the 3rd millennium BC.This paper sums up the recent developments and, on this basis, discusses whether MN V should still be considered the final Funnel Beaker phase or rather a transformative stage characterised by a mixture of different cultural features.</p> 2020-11-23T16:50:50+01:00 Copyright (c)