Journal of Neolithic Archaeology <p>The Journal of Neolithic Archaeology provides a scientific information platform on the archaeology of the Neolithic period. The articles are mainly in German and English, and for all articles English summaries and figure captions are available.</p> <p>The Journal was originally founded in 1999 as a pioneering web-based open access online journal. Since 2003, the Journal has been edited by an international team of archaeologists.</p> <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. There is no publication fee charged.</p> Institute of Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology, CAU Kiel en-US Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 2364-3676 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br><br></p> <p>– Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>– Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>– Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</p> Kutahi: A Pottery Neolithic Culture in the Shiraz Plain, Fars, Iran <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The British Council in Shiraz was established in 1960 and Paul Bevan Gotch was appointed as its regional director until 1966. During this time, he regularly met, hosted and corresponded with archaeologists working in the Fars region. These relationships as well as the reports of the archaeological fieldworks conducted on the Fars, especially in the Kor River Basin, inspired Gotch to do some regional surveys on the Persepolis and Shiraz plains. He identified a total of six prehistoric sites on the Shiraz plain, of which the site of Kutahi was one of the most important. As Gotch mentioned this site as being ploughed and regularly bulldozed during his surveys, it is likely that it was later levelled and subsequently vanished forever due to the growth of the city of Shiraz. However, Gotch collected some sherds during his 1966 survey and also during a repeated visit in 1972. The location of the 1966 survey collection is unclear, but the 1972 collection is kept at the Narenjestan museum in Shiraz. Gotch’s notes on the Narenjestan collection show that he has separated some diagnostic sherds for reference as he was aware of the ensuing destruction of the site. This collection kept in a small box was reviewed by the author in 2016. Closer scrutiny shows that Kutahi was a local Pottery Neolithic culture dating to the first half of the sixth millennium BC.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Majid Mansouri Copyright (c) 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 14 10.12766/jna.2020.1 Bracer Ornaments! An investigation of Bell Beaker stone ‘wrist-guards’ from Central Europe <p>This paper focusses on Bell Beaker stone bracers, so-called ‘wrist-guards’. These objects have attracted attention for decades, as symbols of warriorhood. As pointed out by various authors, such items appear to be rather bracer ornaments than proper wrist-guards, protecting the archer’s forearm. In this study, we investigated 153 bracers from Czech Republic and Hungary with a technological and functionnal approach in order to track the biography of these objects. It appears that, in this area, they are made of various sedimentary rocks. The manufacture of much bracer does not require a high-level of know-how but some carefully made pieces could have been done by craftsmen. The functionnal approach of these objects reveals very few signs of use as wrist-guard. However, these items are generally worn to various degrees and some of them have a quite long biography, consistently broken, re-shaped and re-drilled. Analysis of contexts of deposition concludes to personal adornment, highly symbolic and male-gendered objects. In this respect, they should be definetly considered as bracer ornaments rather than wristguards.</p> Clément Nicolas Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Neolithic Archaeology 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 15–107 15–107 10.12766/jna.2020.2 Burials from the time of the Altheim culture at the site Nördlingen-Nürnberger Straße 63, Nördlinger Ries, Bavaria <p>The archaeological record for the Altheim culture (approx. 38<sup>th</sup> -35<sup>th</sup> century BC) in SW Germany is highly biased. While a small number of waterlogged sites have provided material for very detailed analyses of settlement activities and economy within this environmental setting, evidence for settlement activities outside these specific topographic situations is extremely sparse. The same applies to burial features that have been identified from eight sites which are predominantly isolated burials that have not revealed any clear modus concerning orientation, grave goods or spatial organization. Here we present results from a site situated in the Nördlinger Ries (Bavaria) that has yielded a total of eight burials of this culture together with a small number of contemporary settlement features including the rare example of a well. Our results corroborate the absence of any strict orientation or a defined set of grave goods in this culture and no spatial organization of the burials could be observed.</p> Johann Friedrich Tolksdorf Manfred Woidich Eva Kropf Christoph Herbig Copyright (c) 2020 Johann Friedrich Tolksdorf, Manfred Woidich, Eva Kropf, Christoph Herbig 2020-10-28 2020-10-28 109–118 109–118 10.12766/jna.2020.3 65 years later … <p>In 1955, C. J. Becker published the excavations at Store Valby, western Zealand, Denmark, in the journal “Aarbøger for nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie”. Except for an Early Neolithic phase, the site showed Middle Neolithic occupation. Even if the flint inventory from the latter phase resembled that of the late Funnel Beaker Culture, the associated pottery had a simpler and coarser character compared to the known Middle Neolithic Funnel Beaker pottery styles. On this basis, Becker defined a new final phase of the northern Funnel Beaker Culture named the Store Valby phase or MN V. However, new archaeological features, such as palisaded enclosures, have turned up since Becker’s initial discoveries and new cultural insights into the contemporary Pitted Ware and early Single Grave Cultures have significantly increased the cultural complexity of the earliest part of the 3rd millennium BC.This paper sums up the recent developments and, on this basis, discusses whether MN V should still be considered the final Funnel Beaker phase or rather a transformative stage characterised by a mixture of different cultural features.</p> Rune Iversen Copyright (c) 2020-11-23 2020-11-23 119–136 119–136 10.12766/jna.2020.4