Main Article Content

Jens Winther Johannsen
Published Aug 23, 2017

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an excavation of the remains of a large, Late Neolithic two-aisled house in the northeastern part of Zealand, Denmark. The house shows a strong resemblance to the well-known Fosie-houses, but is almost three times as large as these structures. It is suggested that the building housed a Late Neolithic family, their farmhands and their livestock. Furthermore, the house’s monumentality signalled the power and wealth of its inhabitant(s) and is thus a clear indicator of the presence of an elite in the Scandinavian Late Neolithic society. The house is contemporaneous with the flourishing Únětice-centre in the Thuringia/Saxony-Anhalt region, from where copper and bronze were imported to Scandinavia. Although rooted in a Scandinavian building tradition, the Vinge house was probably influenced by the building of monumental houses in that area. The interactions with the Continent were likely based on a surplus in the Scandinavian Late Neolithic society generated by changes in agricultural strategies. These changes are reflected to some degree in the material from Vinge.

Keywords

Two-aisled houses, Late Neolithic, Early Bronze Age, settlement, archaeobotany, agriculture, hierarchy, Únětice culture, Southeast Scandinavia.

How to Cite
JOHANNSEN, Jens Winther. Mansion on the Hill – A Monumental Late Neolithic House at Vinge, Zealand, Denmark. Journal of Neolithic Archaeology, [S.l.], p. 1-28, aug. 2017. ISSN 2197-649X. Available at: <http://www.jna.uni-kiel.de/index.php/jna/article/view/126>. Date accessed: 20 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.12766/jna.2017.1.