Palynologische Untersuchungen zum Bestattungsplatz Wangels LA 69

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Ingo Feeser
Walter Dörfler


This paper reports on palynological investigations within the framework of archaeological excavations of the Institute for Pre- and Early History of the University of Kiel at the site Wangels LA 69, district Ostholstein. Brozio (2016) analysed the archaeological results on the chronology and genesis of this multi-phase Neolithic burial site. According to this, in the early Middle Neolithic, c. 3360 cal BC, a megalithic passage grave of the type "Holsteiner Kammer" with a round hill was erected. In the course of the Middle Neolithic this was extended to a long barrow. The evidence of subfossil soil horizons, including ard marks, under the first tomb as well as in sod bricks of the long barrow was the reason for the accompanying pollen analytical investigations. These allowed an insight into the local land use and vegetation conditions during different phases of use. While the archaeological results obtained so far did not make it possible to clarify clearly whether the ard marks were of ritual or profane character, the present results support the latter interpretation. The evidence of open land and arable farming indicators allowed the identification of an early Neolithic arable horizon under the tomb. The comparison with similar investigations of paleo soils under burial mounds in the Netherlands, Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein suggests that the erection on former cultivated land, and thus the transformation from profane to sacred sites, is a typical phenomenon of funnel-beaker graves.

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Feeser/Dörfler 2019: I. Feeser/W. Dörfler, Palynologische Untersuchungen zum Bestattungsplatz Wangels LA 69. JNA 21, 2019, 89–102. DOI: